Buja A, Rugge M, Damiani G, Zorzi M, De Toni C, Vecchiato A, Del Fiore P, Spina R, Baldo V, Brazzale AR, Rossi CR, Mocellin S.

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2022 Jan 25. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2021.0223. Online ahead of print.
PMID: 35076310


Introduction: This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of sex-related characteristics of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM), with special reference to its incidence, clinicopathological profile, overall survival, and treatment-related costs. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all 1,279 CMM patients who were registered in 2015 in the Veneto Cancer Registry (a population-based registry including all 4,900,000 regional residents). The by-sex comparisons included tumor stage and site, histological subtype, and other clinical-pathological variables. A Cox regression analysis was used to test the association between sex and survival, adjusting for the main covariates. Treatment costs were calculated by linking patients with several administrative regional databases. Results: Age-specific incidence rates were significantly higher for men among people >50 years old. For men, the trunk was the most common primary site (59.3%), whereas for women the lower limbs (32.1%) were the most common primary site, followed by the trunk (31.8%), which was lower than for men (p < 0.001). At presentation, the frequency of early stage CMM was higher among women, who also featured a significantly lower risk of death (p = 0.016), after adjusting for covariates. Men also incurred higher costs for melanoma treatment in the first year after their diagnosis. Conclusions: Among younger adults, CMM was more common in women, whereas among older adults, it was more common in men. Sex also influences patients' histopathological characteristics at diagnosis. Women had better overall survival after adjusting for demographic, pathological, and clinical profiles. The costs of treatment were also lower for women with CMM.

Pubmed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35076310/