Bucchi L, Mancini S, Crocetti E, Dal Maso L, Baldacchini F, Vattiato R, Giuliani O, Ravaioli A, Zamagni F, Bella F, Bidoli E, Caldarella A, Candela G, Carone S, Carrozzi G, Cavallo R, Ferrante M, Ferretti S, Filiberti RA, Fusco M, Gatti L, Gili A, Iacovacci S, Magoni M, Mangone L, Mazzoleni G, Michiara M, Musolino A, Piffer S, Piras D, Rizzello RV, Rosso S, Rugge M, Scala U, Stracci F, Tagliabue G, Toffolutti F, Tumino R, Biggeri A, Masini C, Ridolfi L, Villani S, Palmieri G, Stanganelli I, Falcini F; Italian Melanoma Intergroup and the AIRTUM Working Group. 

Ital J Dermatol Venerol. 2023 Dec;158(6):483-492. doi: 10.23736/S2784-8671.23.07653-3.


A recent research project using data from a total of 40 cancer registries has provided new epidemiologic insights into the results of efforts for melanoma control in Italy between the 1990s and the last decade. In this article, the authors present a summary and a commentary of their findings. Incidence increased significantly throughout the study period in both sexes. However, the rates showed a stabilization or a decrease in men and women aged below 35 years. The risk of disease increased for successive cohorts born until 1973 (women) and 1975 (men) while subsequently tending to decline. The trend towards decreasing tumor thickness and increasing survival has continued, but a novel favorable prognostic factor has emerged since 2013 for patients - particularly for males - with thick melanoma, most likely represented by molecular targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Due to this, the survival gap between males and females has been filled out. In the meanwhile, and despite the incidence increase, dermatologists have not lowered their threshold to perform skin biopsy. Skin biopsy rate has increased because of the increasingly greater volume of dermatologic office visits, but the proportion of skin biopsies out of dermatologic office visits has remained constant. In summary, an important breakthrough in melanoma control in Italy has taken place. Effective interventions have been implemented across the full scope of care, which involve many large local populations - virtually the whole national population. The strategies adopted during the last three decades represent a valuable basis for further steps ahead in melanoma control in Italy.

 Pubmed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38015485/