Pierobon S, Braggion M, Fedeli U, Nordio M, Basso C, Zorzi M.

Age Ageing. 2022 Jan 6;51(1):afab224. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afab224.


Background: In the Veneto Region, 421,000 coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) cases and 11,000 deaths have been reported since 21 February 2020. The pandemic spread particularly in nursing homes (NH).

Objective: This study estimated the impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection among NH residents, focusing on the risk of hospitalisation and death due to COVID-19 compared with the general older population. It also provided evidence of risk changes over time.

Methods: Older people, resident in Veneto, were enrolled from the regional registry of the population. We collected also information about demographic characteristics, chronic diseases, COVID-19 positivity, NH institutionalization, hospitalisation and date of death. Patients were assigned to NH or non-NH residents groups through a propensity score 1:1 matching. The follow-up period was defined as 21 February 2020 - 3 May 2021 and then divided into three waves. Risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence interval were estimated by using Poisson models with robust estimation of variance.

Results: NH residents showed a higher risk of COVID-19 infection (RR = 6.28; 6.03-6.54), hospitalisation for COVID-19 (RR = 2.20; 2.05-2.36) and death with COVID-19 (RR = 6.07; 5.58-6.61).

Conclusion: NH residents shared common spaces with other patients and healthcare professionals and were more exposed to infections. Nonetheless, in Italy from late December 2020 to May 2021, 95% of NH residents and their healthcare professionals received at least one vaccine dose and RRs for all outcomes decreased in NH.

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Pubmed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34902858/